Madeira is an archipelago of volcanic origin, discovered in 1419 by Portuguese navigators, it consists of the island of Madeira (the largest and more populated, with its capital in Funchal), the island of Porto Santo, and two groups of uninhabited islands: the Desertas and the Selvagens (bird sanctuaries).
Madeira islandâ€™s exceptional climate (between 16Â°C and 25Â°C â€“ 61Â°F and 76Â°F) and legendary natural beauty have made this a chosen destination.
An international airport provides an easy connection between the main island and the continent. On their own, the meandering roads in Madeira (stage for a highly competitive rally) are a sight to see, as one wanders amongst trees, belvederes and waterfalls. Approached by ship, Madeira offers an unforgettable sight: the mountains dropping straight onto the valleys, the dense vegetation growing on mountain terraces, split by steep cliffs and dotted with white houses.
The beautiful assortment of flowers and tropical fruits, mild temperature of the ocean water and natural pools, a wealthy cultural heritage, luxurious hotels and Funchalâ€™s cosmopolitan life (bars, discotheques and casino) are but a few of the available charms found here.
â€śMadeiraâ€ť is also a synonym for the renowned hearty wine, which has been spreading its name and the taste of its home island worldwide.
Camara de Lobos
The fishing port, with its colourful boats, is one of the sights which Winston Churchill had from his terrace when he dedicated himself to painting back in the 1950â€™s. Most important monuments: mother-church of Sao Sebastiao (16th century), Nossa Senhora do Calhau Chapel (15th century) and Sao Bernardino Convento (15th, 18th and 19th centuries). In the suburbs, Cabo Girao and Estreito de Camara dos Lobos, Madeira wine production centre.
Accommodations in Camara de Lobos
Curral das Freiras
Situated in the crater of an extinct volcano, this village, in the islandâ€™s deepest valley, has kept its Santa Clara Convent (16th century), where nuns used to hide from the pirates who regularly pillaged Madeira.
Accommodations in Curral das Freiras
The islandâ€™s capital, with manors and gardens that descend into the ocean, evokes a natural Nativity scene. Numerous examples of religious architecture: the Cathedral (15th century), with its Manueline pulpit; the churches of Carmo (17th century); Santa Maria Maior (Baroque facade, 16th-17th centuries), Sao Paulo (15th century), Sao Pedro, with its beautiful tiles (16th, 18th and 19th centuries), Sao Roque (18th century), Colegio, with its tiles and Baroque gilded carvings (17th century), Monte (18th century); Santa Clara Convent (15th century, and its 18th century tiles), Recolhimento do Bom Jesus (17th century). One may also visit the chapels of Santa Catarina (15th-17th-centuries), Corpo Santo (15th-17th-centuries) and Consolacao (16th-19th-centuries). Special reference to the following civic architecture buildings: Pacos do Concelho (18th-century), Customsâ€™ Building, Palace-Fortress of Sao Lourenco (16th-century) and the forts of Pico and Sao Tiago (17th-18th-centuries). Most importante museums: Sacred Art (Flemish and Portuguese 16th-century art, gold objects and collection of statues), Quinta das Cruzes (furniture and decorative arts), Vicentes Photographia Museum (19th-century photo studio), and Frederico Freitas (dwelling-museum). You can also visit gardens (particulary the Botanical Gardens) and farms (where one can even take a tour on a typical bull cart). Also available to visit the Madeira wine lodges.
Accommodations in Funchal
In this seaside historic town, visit the mother-church (15th century, beautiful paintings and tile works); the Chapel of Nossa Senhora dos Milagres, Sao Roque fountain and the forts of Nossa Senhora do Amparo and Sao Joao Baptista (17th century).
Accommodations in Machico
Terreiro da Luta
Next to the Monte Church, this belvedere, which overlooks Funchal, is also the departure point to an unforgettable experience: a â€śtobogganâ€ť ride in a wheelless vehicle, expertly driven by two men down the steep slope to the capital.
On the coast and famous for its natural pools in volcanic reefs. If you continue on to Sao Vicente, you will be dazzled by the beauty of the road along the ocean, driving along abysses, tunnels and waterfalls.
Accommodations in Porto Moniz
Picturesque village where you will find enchanting cottages with pointed thatched roofs. Walking trips up to Cova da Roda, Queimadas and Pico Ruivo (Madeiraâ€™s highest point, with 6118 ft high, offering breathtaking views).
Accommodations in Santana
Other places of interest
Cabo Girao, Calheta, Camacha (handicrafts), Pico do Areeiro, Paul da Serra (with 25 waterfalls, the highest being approximately 328 ft high), Ribeira Brava, Santa Cruz, Santo Antonio da Serra (golf), Sao Jorge and Sao Vicente.
Porto Santo island
With its 5.5 miles of white sandy beaches, the centre of this paradise-like island is Vila Baleeira. Worthwhile visiting: Christopher Columbusâ€™ house (15th century), mother-church (15th century), Sao Jose Fort (18th century). Other points of interest: Ponta da Calheta, Pico da Atalaia, Pico do Castelo and Pico do Facho.
- Sword-fish and seafood
- Espetadas (meat on laurel spits)
- Tuna fish steaks
- Fried corn
- Honey cake
- Madeira wines: verdelho, malmsey, bual, and others Liqueurs
- Embroideries and tapestries
- Wicker and broom works (baskets and furniture)
- Red-rimmed leather boots