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Monsaraz | Photographer: Jose Manuel

Portugal Geography.

Map reference:

39 ° 30' N, 8 ° 00' W

South-West of Spain and Europe, on the Iberia Peninsula. Borders the Atlantic ocean on western and southern coast. North of Morocco, Norh Africa.

Total Area: 89,456 km2
Land Area (including Azores and Madeira): 88,951 km2
Water territory: 400 km2

Borders Spain: 1,100 km

1,621 km

Maritime claims:
Sea: 12 nautical miles
Contiguous zone: 24 nautical miles
Exclusive Economic zone: 200 nautical miles
Continental shelf: 200 meters depth

Maritime temperate - cool and rainy in North, warmer and drier in South

Average season temperatures:

Mountainous - north of Tagus (Tejo) River
rolling plains - mid south
flats - south

Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean - 0 meters
Highest point: Pico Alto on Pico Island, Azores - 2,351 meters

Natural resources:
Fish, cork, iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower

Land use:
Arable land: 20.5 %
Permanent crops: 6.5%
Irrigated land: 5,990 square meters

Natural hazards:
Severe earthquakes in the Azores Islands

Environmental current issues:
Severe fires in 03/04/05 have decimated the land, soil erosion, air pollution by industrial and vehicle emissions, water pollution, human stupidity

Environment international agreements:
Party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
Signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Environmental Modification